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8. Closing the loop between sanitation and food security: Ecological Sanitation Case of the Municipalities of Initao,Libertad and Manticao, Misamis Oriental

Content Table

Abstract

ecosanWHAT TRIGGERED THE PROJECT?

PROJECT OBJECTIVE(S)

The intervention entitled Closing the Loop Between Sanitation and Food Security, aimed at a group of contiguous barangays, within the Municipalities of Initao, Libertad and Manticao, Misamis Oriental, were all under the auspices of the WAND Foundation, which is headed by Dr. Elmer Sayre. Hence, this initiative was spearheaded by him, urged by the Foundation’s advocacy and societal concern for the communities that have very poor sanitation conditions, but are unable if not incapacitated to uplift their own socio-economic conditions. The initiative’s primary funding agency is iBoP Asia (i.e. Science and Technology Innovations for the Base of the Pyramid in South East Asia)  a collaborative undertaking of the Ateneo School of Government and Canada’s International Development Research Center (IDRC).The Water, Agroforestry, Nutrition and Development (WAND) Foundation is an active local NGO in the Province of Misamis Oriental. One of its long time partners is the German NGO named German Doctors for Developing Countries. The initiatives supported by the German Doctors include agro-forestry, ecosan and sustainable small farm development.

The undertaking is primarily an action-research endeavor that intends to seek for solutions to the information health and sanitation; as well as (ii) food security issues of the target beneficiaries. These two developmental concerns were intertwined, considering that the Foundation’s advocacy on

the philosophy of Ecological Sanitation posits the principle of excrement containment that minimizes if not eliminates corresponding health and environmental impacts of poor sanitation, while allowing for nutrient recovery and hygienic reuse for agricultural activities, predominantly engaged by the rural populace. The lynch pin to this effort is the popularization of the use of urine diversion and dehydrating toilets (UDDTs).

In particular, the objectives of the research are:

  • To explore the localization and popularization of ecological sanitation solutions, through the development of more affordable yet effective UDDT designs;
  • To pre-fabricate UDDTs that can address emergency situations, with ease of transport and installation as primary considerations;
  • To develop a mechanism of providing the needed implements to building a UDDT, which is sustainable to both the supplier and the recipient;
  • To package a knowledge product, containing available affordable technologies as well as IEC methods and materials, which could be easily accessed by local government units (LGUs), international NGOs, and other stakeholders; and
  • To conduct a preliminary study on crop productivity, using both components of human excreta (i.e. urine and feces), to selected crops.

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8. Closing the loop between sanitation and food security: Ecological Sanitation Case of the Municipalities of Initao,Libertad and Manticao, Misamis Oriental

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